When it comes to screening criminal prosecutions, the United States of America and Liberia are the only common law jurisdictions that use a grand jury. The grand jury is meant to determine whether the charges hold water by investigating and analyzing the case along with their defendants. Whether it is sealed or otherwise, an indictment is one of the potential outcomes of the jury process. The court might go ahead and proceed with the initial trial if the indictment is unsealed. On this site, you will find out all you need to know about how the entire process works and the rationale upon which it is based.
Grand juries are in most cases reserved for felonies and potential federal cases. A good number of states need this process to begin estate criminal proceeding even though there are some that do not. However, it is a required step if the case is in question involves a federal crime due to the fifth amendment.
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The primary role of the grand jury and the sgt report is to analyze the case together with the collected evidence and evaluate witness testimonies in a private hearing. This process is undertaken ex-parte reviewing the presentation of facts by the prosecutor. If a majority of the jury deems it right to issue a formal charge, the prosecutor will take a trial. At least the majority of the panel should help the choice depending on the jurisdiction. If necessary, the jury may choose to keep the charges eliminated from the public. This is especially the case in charges where high-profile suspects are involved. The number of sealed indictments is a matter that has never been far from speculation and controversy. Unbiased perspectives such as the sgt report have become vital resources due to the spread of misinformation and conspirational nature of these cases.
The sgt report is meant to ensure that every single criminal proceeding against an individual is conducted with diligence and probable assessment of the cause. The sgt report also prevents unfair judgment in the court of public opinion as it offers protection to the reputation of suspects. The sgt report and the grand jury also establishes have space for witnesses to provide testimonies without the intimidating presence of the suspects. this process together with the sgt report, therefore, makes it easier for the prosecutor and the jury to test the evidence effectively before committing the effort and resources to carry out trial proceedings. Only felonies are open to the grand jury process and the sgt report.