Understanding the Meaning and Types of Differentials
A differential is something that is found in a vehicles’ engine and it divides the engine into two parts. Basing on the distance the vehicle is covering, the differential is able to allow the wheels to spin in different speeds. It is only a buyer’s guide that will help you understand how your vehicle moves and how the wheels of the vehicles spin. The type of differential that your vehicle has can only be known by reading or having the buyer’s guide. The buyers guide should be the first thing you ask for before you purchase a vehicle. The types of differential found in different vehicles have been discussed in this buyers guide.
To start with we will look at the open differential. Open differential is most common in the market today. It’s cheaper price makes it to be most common. Almost every new car comes with an open differential on it. With the buyers guide you are able to know if the vehicle you purchased has an open differential or not. The open differential will only work best when the weather is under normal conditions. However the performance of the open differential drops or becomes poor when the weather changes and the roads become slippery. The wheels continue to spin without moving on the slippery road. Compaired to any other differential, open differentials are less expensive in cost and maintenance.
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The other differential to be discussed is the limited-slip differential. In order for your vehicle to spin in different speeds you need a limited-slip differential. To differentiate itself from the open differential, the limited-slip differential prevents additional torque from the slipping tire. The torque is taken to the tire which contains the most traction. Through this, the vehicle is made more efficient in its movement. It makes your turnings to be fast and also hard as compared to open differentials. For this reason, limited-slip differentials are mostly preferred in racing cars.
The other one is the Torsen differential. Its complexity differentiates it from others. Torsen differential ensures that your vehicle performs less work. To understand this type of differential you need a good explanation from the buyers guide. It does not need fluid resistance or clutches to add resistance to produce the torque seen in limited-slip differential. Due to the constant meshing of the gears there is immediate transfer of torque. It is the most responsive differential due to the reasons. Excluding the negatives, the Torsen differential is able to combine all the benefits of both the open and the limited-slip differentials.
To finish with, the above buyers guide has summarized some of the different types of differentials.