Different Soil Stabilization Materials and Method.
Many workers in construction die in accidents in excavations which is the to poorly stabilized soil. However, this should not be the case if the worksite soil is very stable enough to operate machinery in minus the risk of cave-ins.
Here are some of the materials and methods that can help stabilize the soil in a construction site.
First, here are the different stabilization materials.
If the soil is highly plastic or clay-like, then you should use slaked lime. When adding slaked lime, the soil is strengthened and stabilized. The soil becomes more compact since it helps to remove water from the soil.
A popular stabilizing material for soil is cement. It can be used in different kinds of soil. You can add other materials to the cement-like lime, sodium sulfate, or sly ash so that stabilization is improved.
Soil coherence which reduces the absorption of water and makes the soil more stable can be achieved using bituminous materials such as tar and asphalt. These will help prevent soil erosion.
You can add chemicals to the soil to improve stability. The most popular chemicals include calcium chloride, sodium chloride, and sodium silicate. Using chemicals can help compact the soil to stabilize it. Particles stick together better because water retention is increased.
Geotextiles are fabrics used in the stabilizing the soil. They have pores and you have different options depending of the project type you are doing and the soil type you are working with.
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A good example of geotextile is the EnviroGrid manufactured by Geo Products. These heavy duty cells prevent the filler material from lateral movement. You can use them in wet areas because they can drain well.
Below are some of the soil stabilization methods that can be used.
Mixing in the stabilizing material is the most common method for soil stabilization. You should mix the additive in the correct percentage with the quantity of soil there is.
Soil depth is another issue. The job can only be done if the soil has enough depth. If the earth is loose, then a deeper mixture of stabilizing materials is required.
An option for the stabilization of soil which is expensive is grouting. This is used in buried areas of the earth which does not allow mixing it with the materials. A more compact and stronger area is created by injecting stabilizers into the soil where it permeates and mixes.
Electrical stabilization is another method of soil stabilization which is very expensive. if the soil is clay-like then the best method of soil stabilization is electrical stabilization. When using electrical stabilization, metal electrodes are inserted into the earth. It involves running current through the electrodes and it results in water moving towards them. Water is then removed and the soil compacts. Construction vehicle will then work on a more sturdy foundation.